Useful data about ear trumpets

I have started a catalogue archive with 70 catalogues added to the database

View a list of makers

You can also view ear trumpet sales on Ebay etc.

Read about how ear trumpet prices are rising

Any comments on the progress so far would be very welcome.


I have closed my facebook page out of frustration with the whole thing. The UI sucks, the rate of update is insane, I just don't want other people adding stuff that is nothing to do with Ear Trumpets.
And the number of 'boxes' that FB adds is just plain stupid.
Click the facebook logo to see the 18 months of pictures and posts.

image froom KWS 1936 catalogue


If it is straight, it probably isn't an ear trumpet, this is part of an epergne

There is some good advice at The Hearing Aid Museum or read about fakes

A hand cupped behind the ear makes about 10db improvement - a trumpet can be up to 30db

In 1891 the Mc Kinley Tariff Act of America required all imports to America to bear the name of the country of origin. So, an item bearing the words - England - or another country, will have been produced on or after 1891.

England or English on manufactured items was started in 1891

Made In England / English Made - will date a piece to after 1921.

On German items
D.R.G.M. registration was introduced 1891 and if you are dating items you should hold in mind that even during Allied occupation up until 1949, registration procedures remained untouched and still used the D.R.G.M. registration documents, which of course explains why D.R.G.M. marks can be found on products actually manufactured up until 1952 as the registration itself was valid for three years. As from the end of October 1952, all registrations were definately marked with 'Deutsches Bundesgebrauchsmuster' (D.B.G.M.)
courtesy http://www.toledo-bend.com

copied from Phisick.com:  

The earlier oval cartouche on the (London) dome reads simply F C Rein Inventor 108 Strand and dates the trumpet to circa 1860.

The cartouche reads Down Bros Makers London dating the piece from 1874

Maw and Sons were registered in 1860 and Maw Son & Sons in 1901

Arnold & Sons Surgical instrument manufacturers Giltspur Street, London .
According to Bennion they were in business from 1866.

T Hawksley Ltd., James St., Oxford St., London W1. This firm was established in 1869.

W. H. Bailey and Son. 45 Oxford St., London - at the base of the stem ‘English made’.
They traded in 38 Oxford St from 1894.

Max Wocher & Son Co were based in Cincinnati Ohio from 1897 to 1900.

Audiscope Pat Pend. Amer. Earphone. Co. N.Y. This company made non electronic hearing aids in the 1920s


Down Brothers
provided by Science Museum
 
1874-1902, surgical instrument maker, London, England  
1874 founded
1879 Millikin & Down, St Thomas Street, Borough, London
1894 Down Bros. 5-7 St Thomas Street, Borough
1902 incorporated as Limited Company - Down Bros. Limited
~ 1948 amalgamated with Mayer & Phelps
later 1980s? Downs Surgical Limited, Mitcham Surrey incorporating Mayer & Phelps, Blyde & Gray
1984 acquired by Smiths Medical
 

Hawksley and Sons Limited
HAWKSLEY 357 OXFORD STREET LONDON
recorded at this address from 1865-1925
Some trumpets are marked 351 OXFORD
Also retailed from 12 James Street London W
Then moved to Shoreham as Gelman Hawksley


Hawksley and Sons Limited
provided by Science Museum and catalogues

active 1869-current (2009), manufacturer of medical and laboratory equipment

1869 established in Oxford Street, London by Charles Hawksley
1909 definitely at 357 Oxford Street (see catalogue)
1930s

bought by the US business William Baum

  357 Oxford Street and 83 Wigmore Street, London

All about KWS
provided by Thackray Medical Museum, Leeds
 
date item source
1890 Estab. by G.J.A. Kirchner & H. Wilhelm in Stuttgart Lohse
1910 Kirchner & Wilhelm, Heusteigstrasse 72a, Stuttgart, Germany cat
1912 Kirchner & Wilhelm, Heusteigstrasse 72a, Stuttgart, Germany cat
1917 Kirchner sole partner BIOS report, p.29
1924 Kirchner & Wilhelm, 31 Schlosserstrasse, Stuttgart cat
1925 Kirchner & Wilhelm, 31 Schlosserstrasse, Stuttgart syringes, diag.
eq. TCW, 5th
ed. cat.
1945 Kirchner & Wilhelm, Heusteigstrasse 74a, Stuttgart BIOS report, p.29
c.1953 Kirchner & Wilhelm, Heusteigstrasse 74a, Stuttgart-S Lohse
c.1967 Kirchner & Wilhelm, Schlosserstrasse 31, 7000 Stuttgart 1 Lohse
c.1987 Kirchner & Wilhelm, Heusteigerstrasse 70a, 7000 Stuttgart 1 Lohse
Unfortunately all I can say for sure is that they have trumpets in the earliest catalogues we have (1910, 1912) but unfortunately the latest we have (1924) only covers syringes and diagnostic instruments. I would guess that 1890-1945 would probably be the maximum period for their production of trumpets.  

All about Lindsey
provided by Thackray Medical Museum, Leeds
"JL" refers to personal communication, John Lindsey, 19/7/93

 
date item source
1830 Established [door panel in collection]  
Mid 19C Lindsey BEN
1839/40 Mark Lindsey, Webb St., Borough, London SIM Pigot’s London Directory
1850 Mark Lindsey, 264 Borough High St., London SIM PO Dir
1862 Mark John Lindsey, 37 Ludgate St., City, London TM International Exhibition Catalogue
1877 Lindsey & Sons, 32 Ludgate Hill and 40 Gracechurch St., London EC SIM Morris’ London Directory
1890 Portsmouth branch estab., 7 Commercial Road, Portsmouth JL
1935 Moved to 50 Elm Grove, Southsea JL
c.1939 Ludgate Hill branch closed [door panel in collection] JL
during war Gracechurch St. branch moved to Queen Victoria St and then to Cannon Street JL
1941 50 Elm Grove destroyed in Blitz; moved into 'RSA premises' JL
1944 moved to 110 Elm Grove, Southsea JL
1948 Cannon street closed, London connection ceased, head office now Southsea JL
1965 Lindseys (Southsea) Ltd., 110-112 Elm Grove, Southsea, Hants Sur. Appl cat
1966 New factory completed. JL

S Maw & Son
provided by
Sue Watts who collects baby feeders
 
Succeeding generations of the Maw family were involved in running the famous chemist & druggist sundries business for over 150 years. The varied names and trademarks used across the years can make dating individual pieces quite complicated. I have collated the following from Trade Directory entries, Maws Trade catalogues and other sources.  I have not recorded subsequent name and ownership changes from the 1950’s onwards  
1807 Hornby & Maw, Fenchurch Street  
1814 George Maw,Whitecross Street Spread plaster maker, ex John Lowe
1821 George Maw 55 Aldermanbury George partner with son John Hornby Sometimes Maw & Son London
1827 George Maw & Son 55 Aldermanbury  
1832 J & S Maw 55 Aldermanbury John Hornby Maw & brother Solomon.(sometimes shown as JH & S Maw)
1835 J & S Maw 11 Aldersgate St  
1837 Solomon Maw 11 Aldersgate St JH Maw retired from the company
1842 Maw & Stevenson 11 Aldersgate St Very short term partnership
1844 Solomon Maw 11 Aldersgate St Sole trader again
1860 S Maw & Son 11 Aldersgate St (Later 11 and 12) Solomon Maw partner with son Charles Trademark letters S&CMM in trefoil.
1870 S Maw, Son & Thompson 11 & 12 Aldersgate St Charles Maw, partner John Thompson Trademark letters S&CMMT in trefoil
1877 S Maw, Son & Thompson 7 to 12 Aldersgate St New building opened. Image used on some packaging
1901 S Maw, Son & Sons 7 to 12 Aldersgate St Trademark stays the same. Name change represents Solomon, Charles & Charles’s sons who are now partners
1913 S Maw Son & Sons 7 to 12 Aldersgate St Trademark Trefoil sometimes drawn in a triangle
1917 S Maw, Son & Sons Ltd 7 to 12 Aldersgate St Maws becomes a limited company
1920 S Maw, Son & Sons Ltd 7 to 12 Aldersgate St Use of a discus figure in an oval
1922 S Maw, Son & Sons Ltd 11 Aldersgate St & Barnet Discus trademark. Registered office address, premises unchanged
1925 S Maw, Son & Sons Ltd Aldersgate St & Barnet Trademark triangle with discus thrower in oval.
1939 S Maw, Son & Sons Ltd Aldersgate House, Barnet New address from outbreak of the war.
  Sue Watts 2015  

S Maw & Son
Reproduced from: 'The Pharmaceutical Industry: A Guide to Historical Records', edited by Lesley Richmond, et al., Ashgate, 2003:

S Maw, Son & Sons Ltd., Monken Hadley, Barnet, London

Manufacturing chemist

The business was founded as Hornby & Maw at Fenchurch Street, London, in 1807 by George Maw, originally a Lincolnshire farmer, in joint partnership with his cousin Hornby. This was a short-lived venture and in 1814 Maw left to purchase a surgical plaster factory in Whitecross Street, London. The factory soon began to manufacture surgical instruments and later expanded to produce druggists' sundries, toiletries and pharmaceutical products.

Maw's eldest son, John Hornby Maw, was sent to study under Abernethey and Stanley at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, in order to obtain an understanding of the requirements of surgeons. John was taken into partnership by his father in 1826, and the firm was renamed George Maw & Son.

George retired in 1828 and his second son, Solomon, joined his brother in partnership. In 1832 the firm was trading as J & S Maw. John retired in 1835 due to ill health and under Solomon the business expanded rapidly.

The firm's first catalogue was produced in 1830, outclassing many rival publications with its lavish illustrations. Following several moves within the City, the business eventually settled at 7-12 Aldersgate Street, premises that had to be completely rebuilt following a fire in 1856.

In 1860 Solomon's son, Charles, was taken into partnership and the business was restyled S Maw & Son. On Solomon's death in 1861, Charles took sole charge of the business until 1870 when John Thompson, who had served the firm as a traveller for 10 years, was made a partner and the business was renamed S Maw Son & Thompson.

In 1901 the business was incorporated as a limited liability company, styled S Maw, Son & Sons Ltd, following Thompson's retirement. By this time Charles Trentham Maw and Mowbray T Maw were directors and were joined in 1901 by Dr. H T Maw.

Owing to lack of space in inner London after the First World War, the company purchased a 22-acre estate at Monken Hadley, Barnet, in 1920 to which it re-located some of its manufacturing operations. The transfer was completed in 1940. Following this the company was renamed Maws pharmacy Supplies Ltd, and in 1959 acquired the business of Felstead Manufacturing Co Ltd.

In 1965 a new limited liability company, S Maw Son & Sons Ltd, was incorporated, to acquire the businesses of Maws Pharmacy Supplies Ltd and Felstead Manufacturing Co Ltd. Shares in S Maw Son & Sons Ltd were jointly owned by the holding company of the trade association, the National Pharmaceutical Union, NPU Holdings Ltd, and Norcros Ltd, Reading. In the same year a commercial agreement was signed between S Maw Son & Sons Ltd and NPU Holdings Ltd, whereby the former agreed to distribute products sponsored by the National Pharmaceutical Union. This contract operated until 1974.

In 1973 Norcros Ltd sold its shares in S Maw Son & Sons to the American company, International Telephone & Telegraph Corporation Inc., which traded as ITT Inc. S Maw Son & Sons Ltd was acquired shortly afterwards as a wholly-owned subsidiary of ITT Inc, a company which, in 1973, owned 333 subsidiary companies which had no apparent corporate or technical relationship with each other and no obvious link with the pharmaceutical industry.

 

F C Rein and Son
moved from 108 Strand to 30 Charing Cross in 1916, which helps to narrow dates on marked trumpets
 

FC Rein and Son
provided by Science Museum

active 1800-1963, manufacturer of hearing aids, London, England

1800

established by Frederic C Rein, earliest firm known to manufacture hearing aids on a commercial basis. Originally based at 108 Strand, London they made non-electric hearing aids, such as ear trumpets, acoustic urns, and speaking tubes for churches


F C Rein and Son
provided by
Thackray Medical Museum, Leeds
 
  THERE IS NO TRACE OF REIN in London directories before 1842:
perhaps Rein took over an existing business founded c.1800.
 
1839 not in Pigot  
1842-1846 Frederick Charles Rein, 340 Strand, London  Robson,
PO Dir
1846   Frederick Charles Rein, 340 Strand, London PO Dir
1847-49 Frederick Charles Rein, 110 Strand, London PO Dir
1850   F. Charles Rein, 108 Strand, London - Acoustic PO Dir
1850-57 Frederick Charles Rein, 108 Strand, London PO Dir
1858-65 Frederick Charles Rein, 108 Strand, London WC   PO Dir
1861-64 F. Charles Rein, 108 Strand, London - Aurist & acoustic IM    BEN
1862   Frederick Charles Rein, 108 Strand, London - SIM, Acoustic IM IEC
1865-66 Rein & Son, 108 Strand, London  BEN
1877   Frederick Charles Rein & Son, 108 Strand, London                         M
1867-1917 Frederick C. Rein, 108 Strand, London   BEN
1918-1957  Frederick Charles Rein & Son, 30 Charing Cross Rd., London WC2 PO Lond
1963   Bought by Amplivox Ltd BEN
 

F C Rein and Son - and a bit on some others in the Strand  
Really good article on Rein  

George Tiemann & Co
provided by Thackray Medical Museum, Leeds
 
1793-1868 George Tiemann, b.Germany  
1826 Emigrated to New York, opened cutlery shop 35 Chatham St., New York  
1833 Moved to 63 Chatham St  
1841 Mfr. of scissors and surgical instruments  
1855 Geo. Tiemann & Co., formed by Tiemann, Stohlmann & Pfarre  
c.1863-4 Moved to 67 Chatham St. NY  
1868 Geo. Tiemann died. Stohlmann & Pfarre buy out heir's interest - payment completed by 1871  
1871-2 Branch opened at 107 E. 28th St., NY under name of Stohlmann, Pfarre & Co.  
1872 1st ed. American Armamentarium Chirurgicum; 40 plates, no text  
1872 "Catalogue of Surgical Instruments", 4 supps 1872-5, reissued in 1 vol 1875  
1879 2nd ed. American Armamentarium Chirurgicum [proper catalogue]  
1886 Address changed to 107 Park Row [not move, renaming & renumbering of st.]  
  [probably more correctly branch opened (?) as the two addresses are actually widely separated]  
1889 3rd ed. American Armamentarium Chirurgicum  [reprinted 1989]  
1921 107 Park Row closed, only 107 E. 28th St. kept on  
1982 Sold to Grimm & Norton Co., but continued to trade under old name  
1989 Geo. Tiemann & Co., 84 Newton Plaza, Plainview, NY  

George Tiemann & Co
provided by Science Museum
 

George Tiemann, Frederick A. Stohlmann, and Edward Pfarre surgical instrument makers

 
1855 Based at 63 Chatham and 44 Eldridge
1868 George Tiemann died 26 September,
succeeded by Stohlmann and Pfarre
1871 factory built at 81 & 83 at Boerum, Brooklyn
1872

67,Chatham and 107,
E. 28th (the latter site bore the name Stohlmann, pfarre & Co.

1882

Stohlmann and Pfarre were joined in Tiemann & Co. by their sons, C. Frederick Stohlmann, Louis G. Pfarre, and Julius A. Pfarre

1886-1900 107 Park Row
 

Truax Greene and Co. (maker)
provided by Thackray Medical Museum, Leeds
 
1877 Estab. F.C. Greene 1894 Truax, Greene cat
1884 Estab. Charles Truax, 81 Randolph St., Chicago, Ill      
1887 Moved & incorporated; Charles Truax & Co., 75-77 Wabash Ave., Chicago    
1890 5th edition catalogue issued    
1891 Charles Truax, Greene & Co., 75-77 Wabash Ave., Chicago, Ill Reorganized
1894 cat
1893 Charles Truax, Greene & Co., 75-77 Wabash Ave., Chicago, Ill 6th ed. cat
1894 Chas. Truax, Greene & Co., 75 & 77 Wabash Ave., Chicago  cat
1898 Moved; Truax, Greene & Co., 42-46 Wabash Ave., Chicago, Ill    
1900 Truax, Greene & Co., Chicago; 7th ed cat RCS
1910 Truax, Greene & Co., 42-46 Wabash Ave., Chicago, Ill 12th ed. cat
c1914 Charles Truax retired Truax
3.2.1920 Charles Truax died   Truax
31.12.1920 Truax, Greene & Co., dissolved Truax