The Banjo Conundrum

I collect ear trumpets

A common form is a 2 piece arrangement known as a 'banjo'

My collection includes 31 of this type of trumpet

I recently noted that several of the more basic models (ie not decorative or EPNS) bear the mark 'ENGLISH MADE'

My curiosity was aroused when photographing the lettering that they all have a similar imperfection suggesting a common manufacturer

I have researched catalogues and advertising to find that only one manufacturing supplier (SMC) actually shows a banjo in their catalogue

My proposal is that they made the banjo for a variety of resellers and placed an additional suppliers label on the item for each retailer

I have Banjos of this type labelled Arnold, Bailey, Dowling, Fannin, Rein, and 3 more unbranded

And one unmarked looking exactly like SMC catalogue No 1365

Fanin and Bailey are very much distributors rather than makers

Can anyone offer any further light on the subject ?

Does anyone know when the marking ENGLISH MADE became common place ?

Phisick
lists 2 by Hawksley but they do not seem to show the 'ENGLISH MADE' mark, however the one anotated 'Telescopic Brass/Copper Hearing Trumpet' is indeed marked 'ENGLISH MADE'.

Phisick also lists a banjo marked 'BRITISH MADE'

The country marking with distinct loss of beginning of the word ENGLISH
Shows the location of the marking
Stem branding Rein
Stem branding Arnold
Stem branding Fannin
Relevant to the Banjo is this poorly restored grossly over-cleaned Ebay example, which has a flat 'bottom', I have not seen this elsewhere.

Further still the item had an unusual decoration around the bowl - I would have paid twice the final price if it had not been cleaned so badly, and whoever repaired it go the tube upside down !

PowerHouse Museum has a banjo with no maker name but shows mark ENGLISH MADE
George Marshall Medical Museum has a banjo with branding T HAWKSLEY OXFORD ST LONDON and ENGLISH MADE
page 195 from SMC catalogue 7th edition estidated at 1895